Foreign nationals wishing to work in Angola are required to obtain a work permit. Generally, companies are subject to a maximum quota of 30% foreign nationals per company.
A foreign company that wishes to get a work permit for one of its employees must first set up its Angolan subsidiary/branch/representative office. This Angolan entity may then apply for the work permit.
Foreign employees require a work visa or residence permit to work in Angola, which is issued by the Ministry of Public Administration, Employment and Social Security.
Angolan labour law defines a “non-resident foreign employee” as a foreign citizen having professional, technical or scientific qualifications in which Angola is not self-sufficient, contracted in a foreign country to carry on his professional activity within Angolan territory during a determined period of time. As such, the hiring of foreign employees is highly dependent on the availability of skilled Angolan labour to fill the position. Both domestic or foreign employers are only able to employ non-resident foreign labour it its workforce is at least 70% Angolan. This quota may be exceeded by special application to the provincial entities in the case of specialised employees or workers which are not available in Angola.
To employ any non-resident foreign worker, the employee must meet the following main requirements to:
The working visa is valid for the entire duration of the employment agreement but can only be issued for a minimum of 3 months and a maximum period of 36 months.
By law, working visas should be issued within 15 days, but in practice the authorities usually take between two and three months to issue them. Working visas cost about US$100.
Residence permits can be temporary (issued for one or three years, depending on whether the employee is living for at least five consecutive year in Angola or less) or they can be permanent in which case the foreign citizen is required to have lived for ten consecutive years in Angola.
In general, the following documents are required to apply for a work permit at an Angolan consulate:
Note that all documents written in foreign languages must be translated into Portuguese by a Official Translator, legalised by a Public Notary; by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs or by the Angolan embassy.
The foreign national can only engage in the professional activity for which the visa was issued for and to work only for the employer whom requested it. The employer is required to notify the SME (Serviços de Migração e Estrangeiros) of any change in the duration of the contract for purposes of compliance with the law.
Work visas are categorised in different types depending on the types of activities that are exercised. For example, a type C work visa is applicable for foreign nationals wishing to work in the petroleum industry and in civil construction, or a type D work visa will be delivered to whom applies to work in commercial, industrial or fishing sectors.
|Category||Description of Visa|
|Business visa (Ordinary Visa)||
Business visas are valid for a maximum of 90 days.
The following documents are generally required:
1. Letter of invitation in Portuguese, in Company letter-headed paper from the Angolan registered Company addressed to the Consular Section of the Embassy of Angola in London – UK, requesting the visa, declaring responsibility for stay and repatriation and must contain the following data of the applicant:
a) Full name
The letter must be dated and signed by an authorised person.
2. Fully completed application form;
3. Passport with 9 months validity and 2 blank pages;
4. One (1) recent colour passport photograph (glue to the application form). Passport photo guidance;
5. Itinerary (online, airline or travel agent pre-booking). Purchase of ticket is NOT necessary and does not automatically guarantee the granting of the visa.
6. Photocopy of Bank statement (at least 2 months old);
7. Proof of address
8. Proof of Occupation in the form of a letter from employer addressed to the Consular Section declaring employment (dated and signed by a Responsibile) with the following details:
a) Full name