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Latest Country Updates on Covid 19

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Latest Updates

Updated 27 May 2020: 
Chile: 
Government concessions (employer), special leave
France:
Travel restrictions (international, home)


Updated 25 May 2020:
India: 
Government concessions (employer)
South Korea: Government concessions (employer and employee), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special, paid, sick), travel restrictions (international, home)
Canada: Government concessions (employer)
Saudi Arabia: Government concessions (employer), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave)

 

Updated 21 May 2020: 
Indonesia:
Government concessions (employer and employee)


Updated 19 May 2020:
United States:
Changes (reducing salary, working hours)
Netherlands:
Government concessions (employer and employee), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special, paid, sick), travel restrictions (international, home)


Updated 13 May 2020:

Philippines: Government concessions (employer and employee), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special, paid, sick), travel restrictions (international, domestic, home)

 

Updated 11 May 2020:
Australia: Travel restrictions (home)
Hong Kong: Government concessions (employee)
United Kingdom: Changes (annual leave)

 

Updated 4 May 2020:
Japan: 
Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), paid sick and carer’s leave, special leave (direct victims, care for victims, care for children), changes (annual leave, working hours, reducing salary, terminations), government concessions (employer)

 

Updated 1 May 2020:
Israel:
Government concessions (employer and employee), travel restrictions (home)
Malaysia: Government concessions (employee)
South Africa: Government concessions (employer and employee), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special)
Spain: Government concessions (employer and employee), changes (terminations, annual leave)
Thailand: Changes (terminations, working hours, annual leave), leave (special, sick), travel restrictions (international, home)
United Kingdom: Government concessions (employer)

 


Updated 29 April 2020:
Australia: Travel restrictions (home)
Canada: Government concessions (employer)
Italy: Travel restrictions (domestic, home), changes (terminations)
Mexico: Government concessions (employer)

 

Updated 22 April 2020:
United Kingdom: Government concessions (employer)
Indonesia: Leave (special, carers), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave)
Australia: Government Employer Concessions
Singapore: Changes (reducing salary, working hours), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)
United States: Government concessions (employer), travel restrictions (home)

 

Updated 20 April 2020:
Argentina: Government concessions (employer and employee), leave (sick), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)
India: Changes (reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)

 

Updated 17 April 2020:
France: Government concessions (employer and employee), changes to working hours
Italy: Government concessions (employee), leave (special leave, paid)
Mexico: International travel restrictions
United Arab Emirates: Government concessions (employer), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special leave, paid), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)

 

Updated 15 April 2020:
Australia: 
Government concessions (employer), changes (terminations, annual leave)
Canada: Government concessions (employer and employee)
France: Government concessions (employer), leave (special leave, paid)
Hong Kong: Government concessions (employer), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (special leave, paid, sick), travel restrictions (international, home)
Malaysia: Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), leave (paid), travel restrictions (international, home)
Thailand: Government concessions (employer, employee), changes (reducing salary)

 

Updated 13 April 2020:
South Africa: Leave (carers, sick), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)

 

Updated 10 April 2020:
Chile: Government concessions (employer and employee), travel restrictions (domestic, international, home), changes to terminations, leave (sick)
Israel: Government concessions (employer and employee), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours), leave (sick), international travel restrictions

 

Updated 9 April 2020:
France: Government concessions (employer), changes to working hours

 

Updated 8 April 2020:
Australia:
Government concessions (employer)
Mexico: Government concessions (employee), paid sick leave, home restrictions including dates
Singapore: Government concessions (employer and employee)
Spain: Travel restrictions (domestic, international, home), government concessions (employee), changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours), leave (special leave/pay direct victims, paid sick leave)
United States: Changes to terminations

 

Updated 7 April 2020:
Australia: Changes (terminations, annual leave)

 

Updated 6 April 2020:
France: Travel restrictions (international, home), leave (direct, child care, changes (terminations), government concessions (employer)
Italy:
Special leave (direct), changes (terminations), government concessions (employer, employee)
Singapore: Travel restrictions (home)
Sweden: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), paid sick leave, government concessions (employer)
United Kingdom, United States: Special leave payments (direct)

 

Updated 5 April 2020:
Paraguay: Department information sources (health, labour)

 

Updated 2 April 2020: 
Australia:
Changes (annual leave, working hours, reducing salary), government concessions (employer)
Bahrain, Brazil, Costa Rica, Honduras, Indonesia, Ireland, Mexico, Nigeria, Norway, Paraguay, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Turkey, Ukraine, UAE: Department information sources (government, health, labour)

 

 

Argentina

Last Updated on:

Updated 20 April 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Sick Leave, Travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)
Updated 30 March 2020:
Home restrictions

Government source:

https://www.argentina.gob.ar/

Health Source:

https://www.argentina.gob.ar/salud/coronavirus-COVID-19

Labour Department Source:

https://www.argentina.gob.ar/trabajo

International travel restrictions: Until 26 April 2020, only Argentinean citizens and residents can enter Argentina. Foreign nationals and non-residents are permitted to depart the country on a limited number of exceptional international flights.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 10 April 2020, a nationwide quarantine is in effect until 26 April 2020. Single person journeys are exempt in order for necessary journeys.
Home restrictions: As of 14 April 2020, in Buenos Aires, individuals in public must cover their nose and mouth with a face mask or other garment. This measure is also in place for other provinces. Check local government websites for full details and coverage.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The Argentine government has established the Emergency Assistance Program for Work and Production. It consists of a number of benefits including the postponement or reduction of up to 95% of employer contributions paid to Argentine social security and other allocations. Check the Argentine Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social security website for full details and application portal.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The Argentine government has increased the unemployment benefit that can be accessed through the Comprehensive Unemployment Benefit System to a minimum of $6000 and a maximum of $10000.

Australia

Last Updated on:

Updated 11 May 2020: Travel Restrictions (home)
Updated 29 April 2020: Travel Restrictions (home)
Updated 22 April 2020:
Government Employer Concessions
Updated 15 April 2020:
Changes to Government Employer Concessions, Changes to Terminations and Annual Leave
Updated 8 April 2020:
Changes to Government Employer Concessions
Updated 7 April 2020: Changes to Terminations and Annual Leave
Updated 2 April 2020: Changes to Annual Leave, Working Hours, Reducing Salary, Government Employer Concessions
Updated 31 March 2020: Government Employer Concessions
Updated 30 March 2020: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), government employer concessions

Government source:

https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/news-media/current-alerts/novel-coronavirus

Health Source:

https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert

Labour Department Source:

https://coronavirus.fairwork.gov.au/

International travel restrictions:

As of 25 March 2020, Australian citizens and Australian permanent residents are restricted from traveling overseas. Only Australian citizens, residents, and their immediate family members can enter Australia. As of 29 March 2020, all travelers returning home from overseas will be quarantined in a hotel or designated facility for 14 days.

Domestic travel restrictions:

Travelers to the Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia are required to self-isolate for 14 days. Check State and Territory websites for full details.

Home restrictions:

From midnight 30 March 2020, all gatherings have been reduced to a maximum of two people (households excluded). Everyone is advised to stay home unless essential. Check the Australian federal government website for full details. Non-essential gathering facilities have been closed. Essential gatherings remain open but must apply social distancing and good hygiene practices. Non-essential travel is to be avoided. Check the Department of Health website for more information.


As of 11 May 2020, a number of restrictions in every state have eased in line with the three-stage plan agreed upon by the National Cabinet. Check the relevant state website on current restriction guidelines.


Paid Sick leave:

Yes

Paid leave for carers:

Yes

Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims:

Employees who cannot come to work because they are sick with coronavirus are able to take paid sick leave. An employer cannot force an employee to take sick leave. An employee must use their paid sick leave entitlements to qualify for payment. Employees can take unpaid carers leave if they have no paid sick leave left.

Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims:

Employees who need to look after a family member or a member of their household who's sick with coronavirus, or dealing with an unexpected emergency, are entitled to take paid carer's leave. An employer cannot force an employee to take carer's leave. An employee must use their paid carer's leave entitlements to qualify for payment. Employees can take unpaid carers leave if they have no paid sick leave left.

Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare:

Employees who cannot come to work because they need to care for a child whose school or childcare centre has closed will ordinarily need to use paid carer's leave entitlements to be paid for their absence. Whether particular circumstances require an employee needing to provide care due to an unexpected emergency will depend on the particular facts. School closures due to coronavirus concerns such as positive tests within the community will be classified as an unexpected emergency. Employees must give evidence to their employers regarding the unexpected emergency if asked by their employer. Other arrangements are available.

Changes to annual leave:

Update as of 15 April 2020 During a shut down, employers can direct employees to take paid annual leave if their award or registered agreement allows it. See the section on taking leave here https://coronavirus.fairwork.gov.au/


Employers can also negotiate with employees to use accrued annual leave or long service leave or unpaid leave. Using annual leave or long service leave does not necessarily reduce the current cost, but it does reduce the overall employer burden. Check the Fair Work Ombudsman website for full details:

https://www.fairwork.gov.au/leave/annual-leave/directing-an-employee-to-take-annual-leave/direction-to-take-annual-leave-during-a-shut-down


As of 25 March 2020, there is a temporary change to long service leave that will apply to long service leave taken in the next 6 months. Employees do not have to give 1 month's notice to take their Long Service Leave and can take it in smaller blocks.

Changes to working hours:

Update as of 2 April 2020 There are limited options for employers to jointly agree temporary reductions to work hours. Employees may also be stood down in circumstances where they cannot usefully be employed. This is a temporary measure that would bring the person back into employment when the work stoppage passes.
If an employee is unable to work due to an enforceable government direction to self-isolate, the employee is not ordinarily entitled to be paid unless they use leave entitlements.

Changes to reducing salary:

Update as of 2 April 2020. There are limited options to jointly agree temporary reductions to salary. Employees may also be stood down in circumstances where they cannot usefully be employed. This is a temporary measure that would bring the person back into employment when the work stoppage passes.

Changes to terminations:

Update as of 15 April 2020 If an employee is made redundant, employers may have to give them redundancy pay. Employers must provide notice and pay any untaken annual leave. Under the Fair Work Act, an employee is protected from being dismissed because of a temporary absence due to illness or injury. The Fair Work Act also includes addition protections which continue to operate in relation to employees impacted by coronavirus.


Work can also be temporarily suspended. The employee can be "stood down" if the work needs to stop because of lack of supply of work. There are a variety of situations this apply to however cannot be used arbitrarily for economic reasons. This can be challenging if an employee works remotely and is largely self-directed, as it is more difficult to justify that the supply of work has ceased. However, if the employee agrees in principle to being put off work for a period without pay, then it is possible to arrange this. More details in the can be read in the "Standing down employees" on the Fair Work Ombudsman website: "Standing down employees" on the Fair Work Ombudsman
More details in the section "Standing down employees" here:

https://coronavirus.fairwork.gov.au/


We recommend companies explore other options like employees consuming their accrued paid leave before being "stood down".
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions:

Update as of 22 April 2020
As of 7 April 2020, Shield GEO has increased revenue in Australia from April 2019 to April 2020. Unfortunately, the JobKeeper payment isn't available to us or our clients in Australia.

Shield GEO is starting to apply for payroll tax concessions in each state as it becomes available and will contact clients directly with more details of the relief offered.

Payroll Tax
There are a series of payroll tax concessions for small to medium businesses. This includes waiving payroll tax for a short period or deferring payment for some months. These are handled in each state based on either the total wages nationwide or the wages per state. Generally, Shield GEO is above the threshold for these concessions.
Victoria is waiving payroll tax for the 2019-20 financial year. This means payroll tax (currently 4.85%) will be refunded where already paid for the 2019-20 financial year from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020. Payroll tax will not be chargeable for the rest of the period to 30th June 2020. Shield GEO is reviewing its application and will reflect the credit and reduced charges on our future client invoices once the registration process is completed. Check the Victorian State Revenue website for full details:

https://www.sro.vic.gov.au/payroll-tax/covid-19-payroll-tax-relief-claim-reimbursement


JobKeeper Payment
As of 14 April 2020, under the JobKeeper Payment, businesses significantly impacted by COVID-19 are able to access a wage subsidy from the Australian government to continue paying their employees. Affected employers are able to claim a fortnightly payment of $1500 per eligible employee from 30 March 2020, for a maximum of 6 months. To qualify, the employer must show at least 30% decline in revenue year on year. Details can be accessed on the Treasury website.

Cash Flow Boost
Companies turning over less than $50 million and active as of 12 March 2020 can qualify for this scheme. It gives between $20000 and $100000 as credits through BAS tax statements. There is no required application process for this as it will be automatically applied when activity statements are lodged from March through September 2020. More details are available on the Australian Tax Office website here:

https://www.ato.gov.au/Business/Business-activity-statements-(BAS)/In-detail/Boosting-cash-flow-for-employers/

Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions:

The government will provided a Coronavirus Supplement every fortnight to new and existing income support recipients from 27 April 2020 for six months. This is in addition to any usual payments. Two Economic Support payments are also available to eligible support recipients from 31 March 2020 and 13 July 2020, respectively. https://www.dss.gov.au/about-the-department/coronavirus-covid-19-information-and-support

Bahrain

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.bahrain.bh/wps/portal/

Health Source:

https://www.moh.gov.bh/?lang=en

Labour Department Source:

http://www.mlsd.gov.bh/en

Brazil

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.gov.br/pt-br

Health Source:

https://www.gov.br/pt-br/noticias/saude-e-vigilancia-sanitaria

Labour Department Source:

http://trabalho.gov.br/

Canada

Last Updated on:

25 May 2020: Government concessions (employer)
29 April 2020: 
Government concessions (employer)
15 April 2020:
Government concessions (employer, employee)
1 April 2020: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), leave (sick, carer’s), changes (annual leave, working hours), government concessions (employer, employee)

Government source:

https://www.canada.ca/en.html

Health Source:

https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus-disease-covid-19.html

Labour Department Source:

https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html

International travel restrictions:

As of 1 April 2020, only Canadian citizens, permanent residents and their immediate families, temporary foreign workers, and some international students are allowed to enter Canada. Check the Canadian government website for full details on exceptions. All travelers returning home from overseas must self-isolate for 14 days.

Domestic travel restrictions:

As of 30 March 2020, anyone displaying symptoms of COVID-19 are not allowed to board domestic flights or inter-city passenger trains.

Home restrictions:

Large social gatherings have been banned and a number of establishments are closed. Essential gatherings remain open but must apply social distancing and good hygiene practices. Check the local provincial government website for more information and exceptions. Everyone is advised to stay home unless essential. Provincial governments may introduce further restrictions at short notice.

Paid Sick leave:

Employer dependent

Paid leave for carers:

Employer dependent

Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims:

Employees who cannot come to work because they are sick with COVID-19 are able to take paid sick leave. An employer cannot force an employee to take sick leave. An employee must use their paid sick leave entitlements to qualify for payment. Employees who are sick with COVID-19 are able to access the Canada Emergency Response Benefit after applying online. Check the Canadian government's website for more details.

Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims:

Employees who need to look after a family member or a member of their household who's sick with COVID-19 are able to access the Canada Emergency Response Benefit after applying online. Check the Canadian government's website for more details.

Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare:

Employees who must stay home without pay to care for children that are sick or need additional care because of school and daycare closures are able to access the Canada Emergency Response Benefit after applying online. Check the Canadian government's website for more details.

Changes to annual leave:

Employers are within their rights to request staff to take time off and use their annual leave.

Changes to working hours:

Employers are within their rights to reduce working hours upon reaching a Work-Sharing agreement.

Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 25 May 2020, there are a number of concessions available to employers.
The Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy is available for eligible businesses who have been affected by COVID-19. The subsidy covers 75% of an employee's wages for employers who have suffered a drop in gross revenues of at least 15% in March, and 30% in April and May. The program is proposed to be in place from 15 March 2020 retroactively to 29 June 2020. Check the Canadian government website for full details on the proposal.

All businesses are eligible to defer, until after 31 August 2020, the payment of any income tax amounts that become owing on or after 18 March and before September 2020. This relief would apply to tax balances due, as well as instalments, with no interest or penalties accumulating on these amounts during the timeframe.

There is also a Temporary 10% Wage Subsidy aimed to allow eligible employers to reduce the amount of payroll deduction required. Check the Canadian government website for full details on the subsidy.

To avoid layoffs, the Work-Sharing program is offered to employees who agree to reduce their normal working hours because of developments beyond the control of their employers.

Check the Canadian government's website for more information and other available concessions for employers.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 15 April 2020, the Canadian government provides Employment Insurance (EI) benefits and the Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB). Employers are urged to not apply for CERB if they have already applied for EI. The Canada Revenue Agency will defer the filing due date for the 2019 tax returns of individuals until 1 June 2020. The Canada Revenue Agency will allow all taxpayers to defer, until after 31 August 2020, the payment of any income tax amounts that become owing on or after today and before September 2020.
Check the Canadian government's website for more information and other available concessions for employees.

Chile

Last Updated on:

27 May 2020: Government Employer Concessions, Special Leave for Victims
10 April 2020:
Government Employer and Employee Concessions , Travel Restrictions (domestic, international, home), Changes to Terminations, Paid Sick Leave
16 March 2020:
Sources

 

Government source:

https://www.gob.cl/coronavirus/

Health Source:

https://www.minsal.cl/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.mintrab.gob.cl/

International travel restrictions: As of 16 March 2020, only Chilean citizens and permanent residents can enter Chile. Those entering from high-risk countries will be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 22 March 2020, a nationwide night-time curfew is in effect between 10pm and 5am. This measure may change with little notice.
Home restrictions: As of 26 March 2020, quarantine areas have been established in a number of suburbs and communes in Chile. Check the Chilean government website for a full updated list of these areas. In these areas, a permit is required to leave a place of residence to access essential services. This permit can be obtained online. The list of quarantine areas can change with little notice. Monitor the Chilean government website and local media for changes.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Unemployment insurance has been extended to those who are sick with COVID-19 and are unable to work from home. In this case, there is no termination of employment contract.
Changes to terminations: Chilean employers are to be able to furlough employees under new legislation designed to help businesses survive the new coronavirus pandemic. Only employers that are unable to continue operating as a result of quarantine may furlough workers. Employees maintain the right to sick leave. Check the Chilean government website for more details. A copy of this legislation is available here:

https://aboutblaw.com/P0f.

Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: A number of economic measures are available for employers with varying incomes. These measures include the suspension of monthly payments, extensions on tax deadlines, and temporary total reductions on certain taxes. Check the Chilean government website for full details on the Emergency Economic Plan. The Chilean government has also announced a guarantee of salaries to employees who must remain home who cannot work remotely. The unemployment insurance fund can also be used by employers to compensate the reduction in earnings due to reduced working hours.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: A number of economic measures are available for individuals. These measures include the the postponement of contribution payments, temporary total reductions and the forgiveness of interest and fines for certain taxes. Check the Chilean government website for full details on the Emergency Economic Plan.

China

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020: Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

https://www.gov.cn/english/

Health Source:

http://en.nhc.gov.cn/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.mohrss.gov.cn/

Colombia

Last Updated on:

23 March 2020

Government source:

https://coronaviruscolombia.gov.co/Covid19/index.html

Health Source:

https://www.minsalud.gov.co/English/Paginas/inicio.aspx

Labour Department Source:

https://www.mintrabajo.gov.co/web/guest/inicio

International travel restrictions:

As of 16/3/20, only Colombian citizens, residents, and members of diplomatic missions can enter Colombia. All travellers are strongly advised to self-isolate for 14 days.

Home restrictions:

As of 23/3/20, mandatory preventive isolation is in effect until 13/4/20. Only one person per household will be allowed to exit to acquire basic necessities and travel to banking, financial and notary services. Pet relief is allowed for a maximum of 20 minutes in the immediate area. Anyone aged 70 or older are to self-quarantine until 3/5/2020. National police will enforce these measures.

Costa Rica

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.presidencia.go.cr/

Health Source:

https://www.ministeriodesalud.go.cr/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.mtss.go.cr/

Denmark

Last Updated on:

25 March 2020 

Government source:

https://um.dk/en/travel-and-residence/coronavirus-covid-19/

Health Source:

https://www.sst.dk/da/corona

Labour Department Source:

https://bm.dk/the-ministry-of-employment/

International travel restrictions:

As of 14 March 2020, only Danish citizens, residents, people transiting, and people with worthy purposes (such as working or living in Denmark) can enter Denmark. All travellers are strongly advised to self-isolate for 14 days.

Home restrictions:

As of 18 March 2020, private sector employers are urged to allow their employees to stay home for 2 weeks and work from there if possible. All gatherings of 10+ are banned.

Egypt

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020

Government source:

http://www.egypt.gov.eg/english/home.aspx

Health Source:

http://www.mohp.gov.eg/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.manpower.gov.eg/

Finland

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020: Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

https://valtioneuvosto.fi/en/frontpage

Health Source:

https://stm.fi/en/frontpage

Labour Department Source:

https://tem.fi/en/frontpage

France

Last Updated on:

27 May 2020: Travel Restrictions (international, home)
17 April 2022:
Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Changes to Working Hours
15 April 2020:
Government Employer Concessions, Leave (special, paid)
9 April 2020:
Government Employer Concessions, Changes to Working Hours
6 April 2020: Travel Restrictions (international, home), Leave (direct, child care), Changes to Terminations, Government Employer Concessions

Government source:

https://www.gouvernement.fr/en/news

Health Source:

https://solidarites-sante.gouv.fr/

Labour Department Source:

https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/

International travel restrictions:

As of 27 May 2020, entry into France is limited to those transiting, French nationals and residents returning home, and a number of essential travellers. An international travel certificate that classifies the journey as essential must be completed in order to enter France. This certificate can be found on the French Ministry of Interior website. Travel between EU and non-EU countries remains suspended..

Home restrictions:

As of 27 May 2020, some travel and gathering restrictions have been eased in some locations. Most shops have been allowed to open however remote working is strongly recommended for at least three more weeks. Larger venues such as cafes, restaurants cinemas, and shopping centres remain closed. Large cultural and sporting events remain banned until September. Travel of more than 100km from home requires an attestation and for reasons related to compelling, family, or professional reasons. This declaration is available on the French Ministry of Interior website. A physical copy of the declaration must be carried. Public and private gatherings are limited to a maximum of 10 persons.

Paid Sick leave:

Yes

Paid leave for carers: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims:

As of 20 February 2020, employees who are infected with a confirmed case of COVID-19 are entitled to 20 days paid sick leave, plus a social security allowance. Check the French government website for full details.

Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare: As of 15 April 2020, employees who must care for children who are unable to go to school due to COVID-19 are entitled to paid sick leave. The French government is also giving paid leave to parents who cannot work from home and who are responsible for children younger than 16.
Changes to working hours: Companies suffering from COVID-19 can move to reduced work capacity known as chômage partiel which can total up to 1607 hours per employee in 2020. The employer must pay the employee 70% of their normal gross salary per hour that they are on chomage partiel (i.e. hours not worked). The state will cover the costs up to a maximum of €6925 per month.
Changes to terminations:

The French government encourages a furlough instead of termination.

Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 17 April 2020, as broadened its system of partial employment (activité partielle). Employers forced to reduce or suspend work must continue to pay the employee at 70 percent of their normal gross salary for the hours they are off work. This employer cost will be covered by the French government up to a maximum of €6,925 per month. A 100 percent refund of furloughed employee salaries has been announced but is yet to be confirmed. As of 17 March 2020, employers can postpone the payment of the next instalments of direct taxes. This is does not apply for VAT, assimilated taxes, or withheld individual employee income taxes by employers. Check the French government website for full details:

https://www.service-public.fr/professionnels-entreprises/vosdroits/F23503

Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 17 April 20202, the French government has increased sick leave reimbursements for affected employees, including those who must care for children as a result fo school closures. The French government has broadened access to its system of minimum welfare and unemployment benefits. Check the French government website for more information and eligibility.

Greece

Last Updated on:

19 March 2020

Government source:

https://government.gov.gr/

Health Source:

https://www.moh.gov.gr/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.ermis.gov.gr/portal/page/portal/ermis/publicBodies?p_topic=11

Home restrictions:

Ban on Public Gatherings

Honduras

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.presidencia.gob.hn/

Health Source:

http://www.salud.gob.hn/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.trabajo.gob.hn/

Hong Kong

Last Updated on:

11 May 2020: Government Employee Concessions
15 April 2020:
Government Employer Concessions, Changes to Terminations, Reducing Salary, Working Hours, Annual Leave, Special leave, Paid Leave, Sick Leave, Travel Restrictions (international, home)
23 March 2020:
Sources

Government source:

https://www.gov.hk/en/residents/

Health Source:

https://www.dh.gov.hk/eindex.html

Labour Department Source:

https://www.labour.gov.hk/front.htm

International travel restrictions: Only Hong Kong residents are allowed to enter Hong Kong. Travellers arriving in Hong Kong on flights from overseas will be denied entry. All travellers entering Hong Kong, including residents, will undergo mandatory medical testing for coronavirus and be required to undergo a 14-day compulsory quarantine. This is spent either at a residential address or a government quarantine centre. Check the Hong Kong government website for full details on quarantine arrangements. As of 8 April, all asymptomatic arrivals at Hong Kong International Airport will have to provide a saliva sample which will be tested for COVID-19.
Home restrictions: As of 29 March 2020, group gatherings of more than four in public places are banned. Failure to adhere to this rule may result in a six month prison sentence and a heavy fine. Some businesses and non-essential public facilities remain closed. Check the Hong Kong government website for more information.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: No
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: As of 15 April 2020, employees are entitled to sickness allowance under the Employment Ordinance if they contract COVID-19. They must be on sick leave for at least four consecutive days and have accumulated statutory sick leave. Sickness allowance is payable at the rate of four-fifths of the employee’s average daily wages. If the employer’s sick leave policy is more generous, that should apply.
Changes to annual leave: As of 15 April 2020, annual leave falls into two categories: statutory annual leave, which is governed by the rules under the Employment Ordinance, and contractual annual leave, which is any annual leave granted by an employer on top of the statutory annual leave. Employers can direct an employee to take statutory annual leave by giving at least 14 days’ notice unless a shorter period has been mutually agreed upon. Therefore, if an employer can obtain employees’ consent to take statutory annual leave on short notice, this would not breach the Employment Ordinance. If employees are unwilling to consent to this arrangement, employers cannot force employees to take statutory annual leave during this period. If the employment contract does not distinguish between statutory and contractual annual leave, the same rules would apply to contractual annual leave.
Changes to working hours: As of 15 April 2020, employers are not allowed to unilaterally reduce the salary of employees for the duration of the self-quarantine period. Employees must first be consulted and an agreement must be reached.
Changes to reducing salary: As of 15 April 2020, employers may not require the employee to take unpaid leave without the employee’s consent if they are paid monthly. Employers are encouraged to ask and obtain consent for flexible periods of unpaid leave that allow business continuity and reduce the financial sacrifice from staff.
Changes to terminations: As of 15 April 2020, employers are not allowed to terminate employees as a result of the imposed self-quarantine period. Termination is to only be considered in exceptional cases such as serious misconduct, with self-quarantine not being considered an exceptional circumstance.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: For the unemployed, the Hong Kong government has provided a time-limited unemployment support scheme through Comprehensive Social Security Assistance Scheme. Under this scheme, the income and asset limits for eligible applicants will be increased by 100% for a period of 6 months.

India

Last Updated on:

Updated 25 May 2020: Government Employer Concessions
Updated 20 April 2020:
Changes to terminations, reducing salary, working hours and annual leave, Special Leave, Travel restrictions (domestic, international, home)
Updated 30 March 2020:
Travel restrictions (international, home), paid sick leave

Government source:

https://www.mygov.in/covid-19

Health Source:

https://www.mohfw.gov.in/index.html

Labour Department Source:

https://labour.gov.in/

International travel restrictions:

As of 20 April 2020, all scheduled international commercial travel services will remain suspended until 3 May 2020. All passenger train services are also suspended until 3 May 2020.

Domestic travel restrictions:

As of 20 April 2020, all scheduled domestic commercial travel services will remain suspended until 3 May 2020. As above, all passenger train services are also suspended until 3 May 2020. Inter-state movement is prohibited except for a number of circumstances. Check the relevant local Indian government website for more details.

Home restrictions:

As of 14 April 2020, mandatory nationwide lockdown is in effect until 30 May 2020. A total ban on venturing outside of homes will be enforced by police, however, individuals are permitted to venture out to acquire basic necessities. Check the Ministry of Home Affairs website for full guidance. Inter-district movement is prohibited except for a number of circumstances. Check the relevant local Indian government website for more details. Individuals venturing outside are required to wear either a cloth or facial mask at all times.

Paid Sick leave:

Contract dependent

Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: If it can be demonstrated at an employee has contracted COVID-19 in the course of employment, and after reasonable evaluation, the employer is legally obligated to pay compensation to impacted employees.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot force employees to use their accrued annual leave.
Changes to working hours: Employers who do not hold a contractual right to reduce an employee's working hours cannot unilaterally make changes to an employment agreement. They must propose a contract change and reach an agreement with the employee.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers who do not hold a contractual right to reduce an employee's salary cannot unilaterally make changes to an employment agreement. They must propose a contract change and reach an agreement with the employee.
Changes to terminations: The Indian government has advised against termination of employees due to COVID-19. Before considering terminations, employers must first exhaust all other available avenues of retaining employment, such as reducing working hours and reducing salary, and have consulted first with the employee. If termination remains as the last resort, termination will be considered as termination for convenience and all the necessary processes must be followed. Check the Ministry of Labour & Employment website for full details.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The Indian government has reduced the Provident Fund contribution from 12% of basic pay to 10% of basic pay for May, June, and July 2020. However, this is an optional concession given to the employee as a result of discussions between the employer and tax authorities.

Indonesia

Last Updated on:

Updated 21 May 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions
Updated 22 April 2020:
Leave (special, carers), Travel Restrictions (domestic, international, home), Changes to Terminations, Reducing Salary, Working Hours, Annual Leave
2 April 2020:
Sources

Government source:

https://indonesia.go.id/

Health Source:

https://indonesia.go.id/layanan/kesehatan

Labour Department Source:

https://kemnaker.go.id/

International travel restrictions: As of 2 April 2020, only Indonesian citizens and a number of exceptional cases are allowed into Indonesia. Check the Indonesian government website for a list of all exceptions. Entry requirements also include the possession of a health certificate stating that you are COVID-19 free, not having travelled to a country where there COVID-19 is present for the last 14 days, and providing a statement showing willingness to be quarantine for up to 14 days if required.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 31 March 2020, large scale social distancing practices are being enforced. These include movement and activity restrictions. Check official sources and media regularly as these restrictions can change with little notice.
Home restrictions: As of 10 April 2020, a number of restrictions have been imposed in local provinces. Essential services remain open although many public gatherings remain open in a limited capacity. Restrictions may vary between provinces. Check local official sources and media regularly as these restrictions can change with little notice.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: No
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: As of 22 April 2020, if an employee is found to be infected with COVID-19, the employee is entitled to paid sick leave under the regular rules. For the first four months of illness, the employee must be paid 100% of their normal salary rate. For the second four months of illness, the employee must be paid 75% of their normal salary rate. For the third four months of illness, the employee must be paid 50% of their normal salary rate. For each month of illness thereafter, the employee must be paid 25% of their normal salary rate.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot force employees to take annual leave. Employees must agree to use their annual leave.
Changes to working hours: Employers cannot unilaterally reduce the working hours of employees. Employees must first be consulted and an agreement be reached.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers cannot unilaterally reduce the salary of employees. Employees must first be consulted and an agreement be reached.
Changes to terminations: The general processes and obligations upon the termination of an employee, given the current situation, apply.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of Regulation No.23/PMK.03/2020, corporate income tax is to be reduced to 22% over 2020–1, and to 20% for 2020 onwards. An additional 3% reduction is available for listed companies with more than 40% public shares. The Indonesia government will also cover the cost of employee income tax for April through to September 2020 for employees who fall into a number of classifications. Check the Indonesian tax administration website for more details.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The Indonesian government will waive penalties imposed on taxpayers for tax returns filed for 2019 and tax payments made by individuals on or before 30 April 2020. Also, the due date for filing tax objections has been extended for a maximum of nine months, the deadline for refunds of tax overpayments will be extended for one month, and the due date for applying for reductions of administrative penalties, refunds of tax overpayments, cancellation of incorrect tax assessments, and cancellation of inspection results will be extended for a maximum of six months.

Ireland

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.gov.ie/en/

Health Source:

https://www.gov.ie/en/organisation/department-of-health/

Labour Department Source:

https://dbei.gov.ie/en/

Israel

Last Updated on:

1 May 2020: Government Concessions Employer and Employee, Home Travel Restrictions
10 April 2020:
 Government Concessions Employer and Employee, Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours), Paid Sick Leave, International Travel Restrictions
1 April 2020: International Travel Restrictions

Government source:

https://www.gov.il/en

Health Source:

https://www.health.gov.il/English/Pages/HomePage.aspx

Labour Department Source:

https://www.gov.il/en//departments/molsa

International travel restrictions: As of 18 March 2020, only Israeli citizens and permanent residents can enter Israel. As of 9 March 2020, all returning travellers must self-isolate for 14 days. Holders of B1 working visas in certain sectors whose visa was due to expire by 5 May 2020 will get a two month visa extension. There is no need to lodge further paperwork or pay a fee for this extension. Check the Israeli Population and Immigration Authority website for full details.
Home restrictions: As of 20 March 2020, Israel is in partial lockdown. Individuals must stay at home unless leaving to essential trips such as going to work, buying food, or attending medical appointments.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Changes to working hours: It is possible to amend employment terms to reduce working hours. This will require a hearing procedure in order to allow the employee to raise claims before the decision is made.
Changes to reducing salary: It is possible to amend employment terms to decrease salaries. This will require a hearing procedure in order to allow the employee to raise claims before the decision is made.
Changes to terminations: Instead of termination, it is possible for employers to put employees on unpaid leave. During the unpaid leave, the employment relationship is suspended and employees are not entitled to any social benefits (vacation, pension etc). Given the current extraordinary situation, it could be sufficient to notify the employees, in writing, that they will be put on an unpaid leave.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The Israeli government has announced the postponement of some tax payments (including VAT and municipal taxes). A number of loans are also available to be accessed by businesses affected by COVID-19. Check the Israeli government website for details on eligibility and loans.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The Israeli government has broadened the eligibility requirements to unemployment benefits. Employees placed on involuntary unpaid leave for at least 30 days can access unemployment benefits after five days. As of 30 March 2020, the time required to have been employed in order to access unemployment benefits has been reduced to 6 months instead of 12. The Israeli government has also announced the postponement of some tax payments (including VAT and municipal taxes). Check the Israeli government website for more information.

Italy

Last Updated on:

29 April 2020: Travel restrictions (domestic, home), changes (terminations)
17 April 2020:
Government Employee Concessions, Special Leave, Paid Leave for Carers
6 April 2020:
Special leave (direct), Changes (terminations), Government Concessions (employer, employee)
30 March 2020: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), sick leave

Government source:

http://www.governo.it/it/approfondimento/coronavirus/13968

Health Source:

http://www.salute.gov.it/nuovocoronavirus

Labour Department Source:

https://www.lavoro.gov.it/Pagine/default.aspx

International travel restrictions:

As of 17 March 2020, only one airport is open per region. Rome Ciampino is closed for commercial flights. Terminal 1 of Rome Fiumicino airport is closed. Other airports to close as announced. People arriving in Italy internationally are obliged to self-isolate for 14 days, even if they have no symptoms. They should also report to the relevant local health authority.

Domestic travel restrictions:

Movements to Municipalities other than the one which your residence are prohibited. It is possible to move to other Municipalities only and exclusively for proven work needs or in cases of absolute urgency or for health reasons. These nationwide travel restrictions have been extended until 3 May 2020.

Home restrictions:

As of March 11 2020, non-essential businesses are closed. Pharmacies and shops selling food and basic necessities remain open. Essential public services remain active. All public gatherings are suspended. Residents of Italy must remain at home or carry a Self-Declaration form stating their reasons for travel. It is recommended to carry proof of residence when transiting through transport hubs. As of 4 May 2020, these quarantine measures are to be relaxed.

Paid Sick leave:

Contract dependent

Paid leave for carers: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: If an employee is absent from work as a result of being infected by COVID-19, rules governing paid sick leave apply.
Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims: If an employee is absent from work as a result of caring for an individual infected by COVID-19, rules governing paid leave apply.
Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare: If an employee is absent from work as a result of caring for children affected by COVID-19, as a result of school closures or the like, rules governing paid leave apply.
Changes to terminations:

Until 18 May 2020, employers are prohibited from laying off employees without "justified objective reasons". Check the Italian government website for more details.

Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions:

All tax payments due between February 23 2020 and April 30 2020 have been extended until May 31 2020, and tax credits will be granted to companies that suffer a 25 percent drop in revenues. In addition, businesses will receive a 50 percent tax credit for sanitation expenses that help stop the spread of COVID-19. Check the Italian government website for more details.

Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The Italian government will also provide €100 bonuses to lower-paid employees, which are to be paid directly by employers along with regular wages in April. The Italian government has also allocated funds to extend paid sick leave to cover days spent in quarantine. Carer payments by 12 days. Childcare support has also been strengthened with 15 extra days at a 50% wage replacement rate. Alternatively, €600 is available as a one-time payment to pay for childcare services. Check the Italian government website for more details.

Japan

Last Updated on:

4 May 2020: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), paid sick and carer’s leave, special leave (direct victims, care for victims, care for children), changes (annual leave, working hours, reducing salary, terminations), government concessions (employer)

Government source:

https://www.japan.go.jp/

Health Source:

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/

International travel restrictions: As of 3 April 2020, only Japanese citizens and permanent residents are allowed to enter Japan provided they have not been in a high-risk country in the last 14 days. Individuals entering Japan are required to spend 14 days in a designated quarantine location if arriving from a moderate risk country. Check here for an updated list on countries subject to an entry ban: https://www.japan.travel/en/coronavirus/
Domestic travel restrictions: Until 31 May 2020, a nationwide State of Emergency has been instituted. Intercity train service has not been affected. Domestic airlines and long-haul bus companies have reduced their services. Seasonal and tourist train services have been suspended. Individuals are asked to avoid inter-prefecture travel and travel to other parts of the country.
Home restrictions: Until 31 May 2020, individuals are requested to stay home except for essential activities such as grocery shopping and medical visits.
Paid Sick leave: Contract dependent
Paid leave for carers: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Employers must instruct employees who cannot work in the office or remotely to take a leave of absence, meaning the employer needs to pay 60% of the employee's salary during the leave of absence. Employees should also apply for any paid sick leave (if applicable).
Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims: Employees who must care for victims of COVID-19 are granted 93 days for each respective victim at 2/3 of their full salary.
Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare: If an employee must stay home to care for children, payment of full salary is provided by the employer via subsidy from the government.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot unilaterally force employees to take annual leave.
Changes to working hours: If an employment agreement or work rules provide for a five day working week, employers cannot unilaterally reduce the working days from five days unless reasonable grounds exist or where an employee consents.
Changes to reducing salary: Given reasonable grounds or where an employee consents to a reduction in working hours, an employer must pay at least 60% of an employee's salary on days where they are not required to work. Salary can also be proportionally reduced to provide at least 60% is paid for a day regardless of working hours being reduced to less than 60%.
Changes to terminations: Unilateral terminations must satisfy the "four factor test". A strong economic necessity to reduce employee numbers must be proven; other methods must have been exhausted before considering termination; fair and non-discriminatory criteria must have been used in determining employees for termination; employers must have provided a sufficient explanation and consulted the employee or union. Employment can also be terminated on a mutual agreement with severance.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: Employers may apply for a special subsidy at the full amount of an employee's subsidy (capped at ¥8,330 per person per day) if an employee must stay home to care for a child due to school closure/other care purposes. As of 10 March 2020, SMEs are eligible for unsecured interest-free loans from the Japanese government. Check the Japanese government website for more guidance. As of 28 March, the Employment Adjustment Subsidy is provided to employers as financial support covering some of the cost of special paid leaves. The cost for SMEs is covered up to 90% whilst the cost of larger employers is covered up to 75%. As of 7 April 2020, tax payments and social security charges for businesses impacted can be deferred up to one year upon request.

Kenya

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020: Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

http://www.mygov.go.ke/

Health Source:

http://www.health.go.ke/

Labour Department Source:

https://labour.go.ke/

Korea, Republic of

Last Updated on:

25 May 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), Leave (special, paid, sick), Travel Restrictions (international, home)
1 April 2020:
Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

http://www.korea.net/Government/Current-Affairs/National-Affairs?affairId=2034

Health Source:

https://www.mohw.go.kr/eng/index.jsp

Labour Department Source:

https://www.moel.go.kr/english/main.jsp

International travel restrictions: All arrivals into South Korea are required to be tested from COVID-19 and undergo quarantine for 14 days. Korean nationals and long-term foreign entrants with an Alien Registration Card and Korean residence may self-quarantine at home. Arrivals from the United States and Europe must be tested within three days, whilst arrivals from elsewhere must be tested within 14 days. Short-term travellers must quarantine at a government facility for 14 days upon arrival. The daily cost of quarantine is shouldered on each individual entrant and is approximately KRW 100,000. If tested positive, there is no charge for hospital treatment. Entrants will also need to take part in active monitoring via regular phone calls and app tracking. Failure to comply with these entry requirements could result in deportation, entry bans, and economic losses.
Home restrictions: As of 22 March 2020, social distancing guidelines are enforced and must be complied with. Large-scale testing for COVID-19 is underway and actively encouraged. As of 6 May 2020, the South Korean government shifted to its 'everyday life quarantine scheme'. There are no movement restrictions currently in place as of 22 May 2020.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Employees who are self-quarantined or hospitalised are entitled to paid leave from the employer or living allowance from the government (approximately KRW 1,230,000 for a four-member households). Employers can ask the government for reimbursing the cost of paid leave from 17 February 2020, an amount equalling up to KRW 130,000 per day.
Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims: Workers who must care for family members who have contracted COVID-19 are entitled to up to 10 days paid family care leave at KRW 50,000 per day. This is for each individual worker seeking to take leave.
Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare: Workers who must care for children who have contracted COVID-19 or cannot attend school due to closures are entitled to up to 10 days paid family care leave at KRW 50,000 per day. This is for each individual worker seeking to take leave.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot force employees to take accrued annual leave but can instead encourage its use.
Changes to working hours: Employers are able to reduce the working hours of employees during this crisis. In doing so, employers are eligible for subsidies for employee retention. Conditions for eligibility for this scheme have been significantly relaxed as a result of this crisis. Full details are available on the South Korean Ministry of Employment and Labor website.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers are generally unable to unilaterally reduce the salary of employees. Employees are protected under article 23 of the Labor Standards Act. However, article 24 sets out a number of conditions under which a change to salary may be lawful. Employers are advised to undertake other appropriate measures before seeking to reduce an employee's salary.
Changes to terminations: Employers are generally unable to unilaterally terminate employees. Employees are protected under article 23 of the Labor Standards Act. However, article 24 sets out a number of conditions under which a termination may be lawful. Employers are advised to undertake other appropriate measures before seeking to terminate an employee.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The South Korean government has implemented a temporary relaxation of conditions related to employment retention subsidies and increasing the amount able to be claimed from February to July 2020. Full details are available on the South Korean Ministry of Employment and Labor website. The South Korean government has reduced the Industrial Disaster Insurance (WCI) payment by 30% for March to August 2020. Companies must have 30 employees or less in order to qualify. The reduction in contribution is applied to each employee and the amount will depend on basic salary and any applicable commissions.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The South Korean government has suspended home utility payments, such as electricity and water bills, for the duration of the crisis period.

Malaysia

Last Updated on:

1 May 2020: Government Employee Concessions
15 April 2020: Changes to Terminations, Reducing Salary, Working Hours, Annual Leave, Paid Leave, Travel Restrictions (international and home)
17 March 2020: Sources

Government source:

https://www.malaysia.gov.my/portal/index

Health Source:

http://www.moh.gov.my/index.php

Labour Department Source:

http://jtksm.mohr.gov.my/en/

International travel restrictions: The Malaysian government has introduced a Movement Control Order restricting foreign nationals from entry to Malaysia. This is to last until at least 28 April 2020. Check the Malaysian government website for updated details on exemptions. As of 3 April 2020, anyone entering the country will be obliged to enter quarantine for 14 days in centres designated by the Malaysian government.
Home restrictions: Per the Movement Control Order, non-essential government services, businesses, education and religious institutions are closed. This is to last until at least 28 April 2020. Essential services are still functioning. Further controls on travel within Malaysia may be imposed at short notice.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot force employees to take annual leave during the Movement Control Order.
Changes to working hours: Employers are able to reduce the working hours of an employee upon consultation and reaching and agreement.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers cannot reduce the salary of employees during the Movement Control Order. Pay cuts across the board can be considered as a final resort after negotiated with employees if alternative cost-saving measures have been instituted.
Changes to terminations: Employers cannot terminate employees during the Movement Control Order and are advised to avoid retrenchment where possible. Employers are advised to comply with Malaysian retrenchment guidelines should business continue to worsen.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 1 May 2020, as part of the instituted Movement Control Order, a monthly allowance of RM 600 is provided to employees forced to take unpaid leave from March 2020 to August 2020.

Mexico

Last Updated on:

Updated 17 April 2020: International Travel Restrictions
Updated 8 April 2020:
 Government Employee Concessions, Paid Sick Leave, Home Restrictions
2 April 2020:
Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

https://www.gob.mx/

Health Source:

https://www.gob.mx/salud/en

Labour Department Source:

http://www.stps.gob.mx/bp/secciones/english/index.html

International travel restrictions: As of 17 April 2020, Mexico has not instituted any travel bans. Some airlines have imposed a 14 day quarantine for passengers arriving from Europe and China. Check the relevant airline for further details.
Home restrictions: All-non essential activities have been suspended with widespread closures of businesses. This will last until 30 April 2020. Many states in Mexico have imposed curfews and other movement restrictions.
Paid Sick leave: No. Provisions in the Federal Labor Law and in the Social Security Law mean that employment will be suspended and the employer will have no obligation of paying any salary or benefits until sickness has passed and once the employee returns to work.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 22 April 2020, the deadline to file the tax declaration of individual persons has been extended from 30 April 2020 to 30 June 2020. A number of states have implemented fiscal measures such as deferring tax payments, discounting payroll, property, and special taxes, and postponing tax inspections. Check the respective State website governing body website for more information.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: If an employee cannot work due to being infected with COVID-19 and has been diagnosed by a doctor from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), the IMSS will cover to the employee a subsidy in an amount equal to 60 percent of the amount of the employee’s last salary declared to IMSS for a maximum of 78 weeks.

Netherlands

Last Updated on:

19 May 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), Leave (special, paid, sick), Travel Restrictions (international, home)
1 April 2020:
Source (government)

Government source:

https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19

Health Source:

No website. Refer to government source. Contact information available at: https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-health-welfare-and-sport/contact

Labour Department Source:

No website. Refer to government source. Contact information available at: https://www.government.nl/ministries/ministry-of-social-affairs-and-employment

International travel restrictions: Until at least 15 June 2020, all non-essential travel to the Netherlands has been restricted. There are a number of categories of persons which are excepted from the travel restriction. Travellers are advised to contact the Immigration and Naturalisation Service in cases of doubt:

https://ind.nl/en/contact/

As of 17 April 2020, travellers to the Netherlands are required to fill out a 'fit-to-fly' health declaration which will be checked upon arrival. Travellers allowed entry are strongly advised to quarantine for at least 14 days.

Home restrictions: As of 11 May 2020, a number of local restrictions regarding COVID-19 have been relaxed in the Netherlands. From 1 June 2020, non-medical face masks will be mandatory for individuals to wear whilst taking public transport. Check here for updated information on current measures: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/tackling-new-coronavirus-in-the-netherlands.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Employees are entitled to paid sick leave under the terms of their employment contract.
Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims: Employees are entitled to up to short term carer's leave to care for family members infected with COVID-19. This amount of leave covers up to a maximum of double the amount of weekly working hours per year. The employee is to be paid 70% of their wage, however exceptions have exist in the employment contract or collective agreements.
Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare: Employees are entitled to up to the same short term carer's leave to care for children infected with COVID-19.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot force employees to use their accrued annual leave, although they can request it.
Changes to working hours: Employers are allowed to temporarily reduce working hours by applying for a permit at the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers are not able to unilaterally force employers to agree to a reduction in salary. Generally, this would be considered a change in employment conditions which requires an employees approval.
Changes to terminations: Employers cannot unilaterally terminate employees during this period. Employees are protected under Dutch employment law. If employees contract COVID-19 and have been employed permanently, employment cannot be terminated during the first 104 weeks that they are ill.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The Dutch government will defer the collection of VAT, income, corporate, wage, and turnover taxes upon business application.The interest rate on tax debts has reduced from 4% to almost 0%. As of 16 April 2020, businesses will be able to defer taxes another three months if companies can adequately demonstrate their revenue has been negatively impacted by the current crisis.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The Dutch government will defer the collection of VAT, income, corporate, wage, and turnover taxes upon business application.The interest rate on tax debts has reduced from 4% to almost 0%. As of 16 April 2020, businesses will be able to defer taxes another three months if companies can adequately demonstrate their revenue has been negatively impacted by the current crisis.

New Zealand

Last Updated on:

23 March 2020

Government source:

https://www.govt.nz/

Health Source:

https://www.health.govt.nz/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.employment.govt.nz/

International travel restrictions:

All foreign nationals barred from entry unless close family member of NZ resident.

Home restrictions:

New Zealand goes to COVID-19 alert level 3. . Level 4 within 48 hours. These measures will be in place for four weeks.

Nicaragua

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020: Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

http://www.presidencia.gob.ni/

Health Source:

http://www.minsa.gob.ni/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.mitrab.gob.ni/

Nigeria

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://services.gov.ng/

Health Source:

http://www.health.gov.ng/

Labour Department Source:

http://labour.gov.ng/

Norway

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.regjeringen.no/en/id4/

Health Source:

https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/hod/id421/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/asd/id165/

Paraguay

Last Updated on:

5 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.paraguay.gov.py/

Health Source:

https://www.mspbs.gov.py/covid-19.php

Labour Department Source:

https://www.mtess.gov.py/

Philippines

Last Updated on:

13 May 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), Leave (special, paid, sick), Travel Restrictions (international, domestic, home)
19 March 2020:
Sources

Government source:

https://www.gov.ph/

Health Source:

https://www.doh.gov.ph/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.dole.gov.ph/

International travel restrictions: Only Filipino citizens, dependents, or permanent residents are able to enter the Philippines. Arrivals may be required to undertake mandatory quarantine for a maximum of 14 days and may be required to undergo testing upon arrival.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 12 March 2020, the Philippine government has declared a public health emergency until 14 April 2020. This means that restrictions enforcing social distancing requirements are in place until advised. Individuals can only leave their accommodation for essential purposes and must carry evidence of purpose of travel.
Home restrictions: A number of local restrictions have been imposed by local governments. An Enhanced Community Quarantine is in place for Metro Manila, Laguna, and Cebu City until 31 May 2020. All public transportation has shut down until the end of this period. Amendments to restrictions can change at any time with little notice. Check the local government website and media for updates on quarantine arrangements.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: Yes, yet processed as sick leave
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Pay for victims of COVID-19 is to be processed by standard application for sick leave.
Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims: Pay for carers of victims of COVID-19 is to be processed by standard application for sick leave.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot force employees to take accrued annual leave as a result of the pandemic, unless the employer has been deemed an essential establishment.
Changes to working hours: Employers are able to reduce working hours as a result of eligibility to continue business operations as a result of the Enhanced Quarantine Order. This cannot be done unilaterally and must be done under adoption of a Flexible Work Arrangement under the provisions of the COVID-19 Flexi-Work Advisory.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers are able to reduce salary in proportion to the reduction of working hours resulting from the adoption of a Flexible Work Arrangement.
Changes to terminations: Employers are governed by the Labor Code in regards to termination during this period. Employees can only be dismissed on account of business closure, redundancy, or retrenchment. Termination must adhere to substantive and procedural requirements for dismissal with one of the authorised causes listed above. Notice must be provided to the employee and the Department of Labor and Employment 30 days before termination. Appropriate severance pay must also be paid to the terminated employee.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: Under Labour Advisory No. 12/2020, guidelines were published for employers in order to file for the ₱5,000 grant for employees with the Department of Labor and Employment. As of 1 April 2020, employers are able to defer the payment of holiday pay earned throughout April through to the end of Enhanced Community Quarantine.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: Under Department Order No. 209, workers who cannot receive their eligible wage as a result of Enhanced Community Lockdown are eligible for ₱5,000 to a maximum of ₱8,000.

Poland

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

https://www.gov.pl/

Health Source:

http://www.mz.gov.pl/en/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.paih.gov.pl/en

Portugal

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020: These are the latest changes 

Government source:

https://www.portugal.gov.pt/pt/gc22

Health Source:

http://www.min-saude.pt/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.mtss.gov.pt/

Russian Federation

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source:

http://government.ru/en/

Health Source:

http://government.ru/en/department/23/events/

Labour Department Source:

http://government.ru/en/department/237/events/

Saudi Arabia

Last Updated on:

25 May 2020: Government Employer Concessions, Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave)
30 March 2020:
Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), paid sick leave

Government source:

https://www.moi.gov.sa/wps/portal/Home/

Health Source:

https://www.moh.gov.sa/en/Pages/default.aspx

Labour Department Source:

https://mlsd.gov.sa/en/node

International travel restrictions:

All international flights and sea routes have been suspended. All travellers arriving into Saudi Arabia are required to enter quarantine facilities for 14 days. The use of national identity cards for travel to and from Saudi Arabia has been suspended.

Domestic travel restrictions:

As of 26 March 2020, movement into and out of Riyahd, Makkah, Medina, and Jeddah Governorate is prohibited. There is a two week prohibition of movement for certain neighborhoods of Medina. Movement between provinces is prohibited. A list of exceptions is available from the Saudi Press Association:

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2050408

Home restrictions:

As of 23 March 2020, a daily curfew from 7pm to 6am has been instituted. Commercial markets and malls, with exception of pharmacies and food supply stores, are closed. Restaurant and cafe service is limited to takeaway and delivery only. Gatherings in public places are banned. Entry and prayer in the outer courtyards of the Two Holy Mosques in Mecca and Medina is temporarily suspended. As of 21 March 2020, domestic flights, buses, and some taxi services and trains has been suspended. The same exceptions to domestic travel restrictions apply here.

Changes to annual leave: Under Labor Law, employers are able to force employees to use any accrued annual leave during this period.
Changes to working hours: As of 3 May 2020, employers are allowed to reduce the working hours of employees upon reaching a mutual agreement and receiving their consent to do so.
Changes to reducing salary: As of 3 May 2020, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development issued a decision allowing employers to reduce salaries by up to 40% for six months. This reduction must be made in proportion to a reduction in worked hours. This can only be done with the employee's consent.
Changes to terminations:

As of 3 May 2020, employers are not allowed to terminate employees during this period unless three conditions are met.


1) Six months must have elapsed since an agreement reducing the employee's salary has been met;

2) A salary reduction and the use of annual and exceptional leave must have been used, and;

3) The employer must prove it is facing financial distress as of the current situation.


Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: Businesses are also able to request monthly compensation amounting to 60% of the employee's salary for up to three months.

Singapore

Last Updated on:

Updated 22 April 2020: Changes to Reducing Salary, Working Hours, Travel Restrictions (domestic, international, home)
Updated 8 April 2020:
Government Employee Concessions, Government Employer Concessions
Updated 6 April 2020:
 Travel restrictions (home)
Updated 1 April 2020: Travel restrictions (international, home), paid leave (sick, carer’s)

Government source:

https://www.gov.sg/features/covid-19

Health Source:

https://www.moh.gov.sg/covid-19

Labour Department Source:

https://www.mom.gov.sg/covid-19

International travel restrictions:

As of 29 March 2020, short-term visitors are not permitted entry or transit. Long Term Pass holders will require approval from Singapore Immigration Checkpoints Authority and other relevant agencies before commencing travel to return to Singapore. All arrivals who enter Singapore will be issued a strict 14-day stay-home notice. Arrivals from the UK or US are taken directly to a government quarantine facility. Check the Ministry of Health website for full details.

Domestic travel restrictions: As of 22 April 2020, most workplaces excluding essential services will be closed until 1 June 2020. Migrant workers are told to not attend work and stay in their dormitories.
Home restrictions:

Employees sponsored by an Employment Pass (EP) are to stay contactable via their declared mobile no. when contacted upon by their employer or any government agency. It is advised that if employees are unable to be contacted, a text message, or the like, indicating a follow-up call should be sent. If employees remain unaccountable for up to 3 hours with contact, employers will take immediate action to report to the Ministry of Manpower. This may result in cancellation of the EP, in the worst scenario, as contact tracing is being conducted by the Singaporean government at all times. The government taskforce is looking for "at risk" individuals with any close contact with infected cases even if unaware.



From 7 April 2020 to 4 May 2020, most workplaces excluding essential services will be closed. The measures could be extended beyond a month if the situation does not improve.


Paid leave for carers:

Yes

Changes to working hours: As of 22 April 2020, employers are able to reduce working hours upon consulting and reaching an agreement with the employee. As of 12 March 2020, the Ministry of Manpower must be informed that this reduction is part of a temporary cost-saving measure performed by the employer as a result of the current situation.
Changes to reducing salary: As of 22 April 2020, employers are able to reduce salary upon consulting and reaching an agreement with the employee. As of 12 March 2020, the Ministry of Manpower must be informed that this reduction is part of a temporary cost-saving measure performed by the employer as a result of the current situation.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As part of the Resilience Budget, the Singapore government has announced a Supplementary Budget with a number of key measures, such as tax rebates, deferrals, and waivers, to assist employers through the COVID-19 situation. Wage support is also available through the Jobs Support Scheme. Check the Singaporean Budget website for specific details.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: As part of the Resilience Budget, the Singapore government has announced a Supplementary Budget with a number of key measures, such as special payments, rebates, and support grants, to assist employees through the COVID-19 situation. Check the Singaporean Budget website for specific details.

South Africa

Last Updated on:

1 May 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Changes (terminations, reducing salary, working hours, annual leave), Leave (special)
13 April 2020:
Leave (carers and sick), Travel Restrictions (domestic, international, home)
2 April 2020: 
Sources 

Government source:

https://www.gov.za/welcome-official-south-african-government-online-site

Health Source:

http://www.health.gov.za/

Labour Department Source:

http://www.labour.gov.za/Pages/Default.aspx

International travel restrictions: As of 26 March 2020, South African airspace is closed to commercial airlines until at least 30 April 2020.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 26 March 2020, all non-essential domestic travel is prohibited. Domestic flights have been grounded and public transport is not operating.
Home restrictions: As of 26 March 2020, South Africa has been placed under mandatory lockdown until at least 16 April 2020. People must stay at home except to buy essential food or medicine. Certain categories of key workers remain exempt. Check the South African government website for full details of exemptions.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Employees will qualify for the benefit under the Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme where the employee is in quarantine for 14 days due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Changes to annual leave: Under the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, employers may request employees to take annual leave.
Changes to working hours: Employers are able to reduce the salaries of employees upon consultation and reaching an agreement.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers are able to reduce the working hours of employees upon consultation and reaching an agreement.
Changes to terminations: Alternatives to termination must first be considered. The employer must first evaluate the extent to which the employee is temporarily unable to work due to being ill with COVID-19 and consult with the employee. The duration of illness as a result of COVID-19 is unlikely to trigger a need to terminate an employment contract. If there is no alternative to dismissal available, the employer may consider dismissal. Employees cannot be unilaterally terminated as a result of an operational need during this period.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme creates a benefit for employees who have lost part or all of their income as a result of COVID-19. Employers are able to apply for funds to enable them to pay employees if they are unable to do so due to the current situation. This scheme is only available to employers that have registered their workers for unemployment insurance. Check the South African government details for full details and eligibility requirements under this new Directive.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: Employees are able to access benefits from the Temporary Employee/Employer Relief Scheme provided their employers have applied for it.

Spain

Last Updated on:

1 May 2020: Government Employer and Employee Concessions, Changes (terminations, annual leave)
8 April 2020:
Domestic Travel Restrictions, International Travel Restrictions, Government Employee Concessions, Changes to Terminations, Reducing Salary and Working Hours, Special Leave/Pay Direct Victims, Paid Sick Leave, Home Restrictions Including Dates
22 March 2020:
Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source:

https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/lang/en/Paginas/index.aspx

Health Source:

https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/directoa/home.htm

Labour Department Source:

http://www.mitramiss.gob.es/en/

International travel restrictions: As of 23 March 2020, only Spanish citizens and residents are allowed to enter Spain. This measure will last for 30 days but may be extended.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 14 March 2020, Spain is in a State of Alarm. The is a ban on movement throughout the country and a reduction in all public transport services across Spain.
Home restrictions: As of 14 March 2020, Spain is in a State of Alarm. People would be required to stay home and that all non-essential shops would close. Essential gatherings remain open. Check the Spanish government website for more details and exceptions.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Employees infected with COVID-19 are considered as temporarily incapacitated due to accident at work, even if employees were infected outside of work. Eligible employees are entitled to sick leave benefits for occupational hazards where they are paid 75% of their base monthly base by Spanish Social Security. Check the Spanish social security website for more details.
Changes to annual leave: Employers cannot require employees to take annual leave during a shutdown period, and must instead be voluntarily taken by the employee.
Changes to working hours: Employee working hours cannot be reduced partially or completely. Employees must work from home where possible.
Changes to reducing salary: Employee salary cannot be reduced partially or completely. Employees must work from home where possible as a result of quarantine.
Changes to terminations: As of 27 March 2020, dismissals for reasons related to COVID-19 will not be considered justified until the end of the crisis. Temporary contracts cannot be cancelled, and instead be considered interrupted during the crisis but resumed after the end of lockdown.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 14 April 2020, deadlines for filing tax returns in April have been extended to 20 May 2020 for SMEs with a liquidity of €3.5 billion. A number of deadlines for insolvency declarations, and preparations of financial statements have also been extended. Check the Spanish government website for more details on guidance.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 21 April 2020, the unemployment benefit has been extended to cover workers whose contracts under trial period have been terminated since 9 March 2020 and for workers who voluntarily terminated their contract since 1 March 2020 if they had a job offer that has been withdrawn. As of 31 March 2020, there is an allowance for temporary workers whose contracts expire during the state of emergency and have not reached the minimum contribution period to receive unemployment benefits.

Sweden

Last Updated on:

6 April 2020: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), paid sick leave, government concessions (employer)

Government source:

https://www.government.se/

Health Source:

https://www.government.se/government-of-sweden/ministry-of-health-and-social-affairs/

Labour Department Source:

https://www.government.se/government-of-sweden/ministry-of-employment/

International travel restrictions:

As of 19 March 2020, Sweden's borders are closed to most visitors from non-EU countries. This measure will last for 30 days.

Domestic travel restrictions:

The Swedish Public Health Agency has advised people not to travel within Sweden.

Home restrictions:

Upper secondary schools, colleges and universities have suspended normal teaching in favour of distance learning. Public gatherings of more than 500 people are banned. The government has encouraged remote working. The elderly are advised to stay at home, and relatives asked not to visit.

Paid Sick leave:

Yes

Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions:

The government has proposed short-time layoffs ("korttidspermittering") as a means for employers to retain employees. This will enter into force on 7 April 2020 with effect from 16 March 2020. The employee's working time and salary will be reduced for a limited period of time. The government proposes they will pay up to three quarters of the costs of the employee's salary. Employees are to receive more than 90 per cent of their salary. Employees must apply to the Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth, and requires an agreement between the employer and employee. Deferrals for payments of employer's contributions, preliminary taxes on salaries for companies and VAT will also be available. This includes up to three months of tax payments for a period of up to 12 months. This will enter into force on 7 April 2020 and is retroactively applicable for taxes paid in February and March covering taxes reported in January and February. Check the Swedish government website for more details.

Switzerland

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source: https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start.html

Health Source: https://www.bag.admin.ch/bag/en/home.html

Labour Department Source: https://www.wbf.admin.ch/wbf/en/home.html

Taiwan

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source: https://www.taiwan.gov.tw/

Health Source: https://www.mohw.gov.tw/mp-2.html

Labour Department Source: https://english.mol.gov.tw/

Tanzania

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source: https://www.tanzania.go.tz/

Health Source: https://www.moh.go.tz/en/

Labour Department Source: http://www.kazi.go.tz/

Home restrictions: As of the Emergency Decree instituted until 31 May 2020, a number of measures have been instituted, stating that individuals must not enter high risk areas, hoard essential goods, attend public gatherings, or disseminate false information. A daily nationwide curfew is in effect from 10pm until 4am until further notice. Exceptions to this curfew include medical professionals, those in the banking sector, those transporting essential goods, those commuting to and from the airport, and those with official night duties.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: As of 1 May 2020, employees who have contracted COVID-19 are entitled to receive their normal paid wages, however payment cannot exceed 30 days in a year.
Changes to annual leave: As of 1 May 2020, under the Labor Protection Act, employers may request employees to take annual leave during this period.
Changes to working hours: As of 1 May 2020, reductions in working hours must be mutually agreed upon by the employer and employee.
Changes to reducing salary: Reductions in salary must be mutually agreed upon by the employer and employee.
Changes to terminations: As of 1 May 2020, this measure should only be considered as a last resort after implementing other cost-cutting measures. Not all business reasons warrant a termination of employment, so an evaluation must be made on a case-by-case basis to avoid potential claims. Under the Labor Protection Act, employers must inform employees of planned layoffs at least one pay period in advance. Otherwise, the employer must pay renumeration in substitute of advance notice. Employment contracts, collective bargaining agreements, or work rules may state a longer period of informing employees which employers must comply with.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: The Thai government has implemented a decrease of employer social security contributions from March 2020 to April 2020. Employer contributions have been reduced from ฿750 to ฿600.
Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions: The Thai government has implemented a decrease of employee social security contributions from March 2020 to April 2020. Employee contributions have been reduced from ฿750 to ฿150.

Turkey

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source: https://www.turkiye.gov.tr/

Health Source: https://www.saglik.gov.tr/

Labour Department Source: https://birim.ailevecalisma.gov.tr/

Ukraine

Last Updated on:

2 April 2020

Government source: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/en

Health Source: https://en.moz.gov.ua/

Labour Department Source: https://www.msp.gov.ua/en/

United Arab Emirates

Last Updated on:

17 April 2020: Government Employer Concessions, Changes to Terminations, Reducing Salary, Working Hours, Annual Leave, Special Leave, Paid Leave, Travel Restrictions (domestic, international, home)
2 April 2020:
Sources

Government source: https://u.ae/en/information-and-services/justice-safety-and-the-law/handling-the-covid-19-outbreak

Health Source: https://doh.gov.ae/en/covid-19

Labour Department Source: https://www.mohre.gov.ae/

International travel restrictions: As of 19 March 2020, only UAE citizens are allowed to enter the UAE. Anyone entering the UAE must self-isolate for 14 days.
Domestic travel restrictions: As of 29 March 2020, Dubai Metro and Dubai Tram have suspended services until April 5. As of 14 April 2020, inter-city buses have suspended services in Sharjah indefinitely.
Home restrictions: As of 31 March 2020, Al Ras has been placed under a two week lockdown. Residents are prohibited from leaving or entering the area. As of 4 April 2020, a 24-hour curfew was imposed in Dubai for two weeks. Check the Dubai government website for full details. As of 6 April 2020, individuals must apply for a permit if they wish to leave home for essential purposes. Movement Permits can be applied through the Dubai permits website. Non-essential gatherings have been closed temporarily. Essential services remain open.
Paid Sick leave: Yes
Paid leave for carers: Contract dependant
Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims: Employees who contract COVID-19 are to be entitled paid sick leave as normal.
Changes to annual leave: Employers can place employees on a period of mandatory annual leave.
Changes to working hours: Employers must receive written consent from the employee if they are to impose a period of unpaid leave. Otherwise, employers leave themselves open to an arbitrary dismissal claim.
Changes to reducing salary: As of Ministerial Resolution 279, effective from 26 March 2020, employers must receive written consent from the employee if they are to impose a temporary or permanent reduction to salary. Otherwise, employers leave themselves open to an arbitrary dismissal claim. Check the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation website for full details on temporary and permanent reductions.
Changes to terminations: Employers must first consider any potential arbitrary dismissal claims before proceeding with termination. This should only be pursued as a last resort. Employers must first exhaust all other possible options to reduce the risk of an arbitrary dismissal claim. Check the Check the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation website for full details.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of April 5 2020, employers will be able to defer payment of monthly employer contributions in relation to their staff from March 2020 to May 2020. This means that deferred payments for all months will be due June 2020 as of 17 April 2020. This period may be extended based on an updated assessment by the UAE government towards the end of May 2020.

United Kingdom

Last Updated on:

Updated 11 May 2020: Annual Leave
Updated 1 May 2020: Government Employer Concessions 
Updated 22 April 2020:
Government Employer Concessions
Updated 6 April 2020:
Special leave payments (direct)
Updated 30 March 2020: Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), special leave payments, government concessions (employer, employee)

Government source: https://www.gov.uk/coronavirus

Health Source: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/coronavirus-covid-19/

Labour Department Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-to-employers-and-businesses-about-covid-19

International travel restrictions:

The Foreign and Commonwealth office has advised British nationals against all but essential international travel. As of 30 March 2020, borders remain open with no mandatory self-isolation or quarantine.

Domestic travel restrictions:

The UK government has advised that people should avoid travelling unless it is essential. Check the UK government website for full details.

Home restrictions:

From 23 March 2020, all gatherings have been reduced to a maximum of two people (households excluded). Everyone is advised to stay home unless essential. Use of delivery services is encouraged. Non-essential venues have been closed. Essential venues remain open but must apply social distancing and good hygiene practices. Check the UK government website for full details. These measures will last for three weeks before being reviewed.

Paid Sick leave:

Yes

Paid leave for carers:

Contract dependent

Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims:

Employees who are self-isolating because of COVID-19 may be eligible to receive Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) from day one. Otherwise, employees who have COVID-19 are entitled to sick pay under their employers' policies and procedures. The UK government advised that employees who are self-isolating and cannot work because they are adhering to government guidelines or medical advice should be paid sick leave pay even if there is no employer policy which would usually entitle them to this. Guidance can be found on the UK government website.

Changes to annual leave: Employers are able to require employees to take a period of annual leave. Employers must provide employees with notice at least twice as long as the period of leave it requires them to take. This can only be done if there is no prior enforceable agreement contrary to this.
Changes to working hours:

Employees who have had their hours reduced are entitled to guarantee pay. The maximum that can be received is £29 a day for 5 days in any 3-month period. For part-time employees, entitlements are worked out proportionally. Employers may have their own guarantee pay system which cannot be used in conjunction with statutory lay-off pay.

Changes to reducing salary:

Employers cannot legally reduce salaries without consent if an employment contracts that sets out details of their salary exists. Employees must be consulted first and must consent to this change to their contracts. See Employment Rights Act 1996 (UK) s 13.

Changes to terminations: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/guidance-to-employers-and-businesses-about-covid-19

Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions: As of 1 May 2020, the government has introduced a Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme which provides employers a grant of up to 80% of an individual's wages (with a maximum of £2500 per month) to continue paying employees. This enables employers to furlough employees instead of making them redundant. An updated guidance published on 23 April 2020 clarifies that there a collective agreement between the employer and employee must be evidenced in order to furlough an employee. The government also provides a number of loans in support of businesses.


Check the UK government portal to find out what support is available: https://www.gov.uk/business-coronavirus-support-finder


Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions:

The government implemented the Statutory Sick Pay (General) (Coronavirus Amendment) Regulations 2020, in force from 13 March 2020. These regulations allow employees who are self-isolating for reasons relating to preventing the spread of coronavirus to qualify for SSP payments, if they are unable to work due to self-isolation. Employees who are self-isolating in accordance with government advice are entitled to SSP, even if they do not have any symptoms. Payment of SSP is brought forward to the first day of absence, rather than the fourth day, for "people who have COVID-19 or have to self-isolate, in accordance with government guidelines."


Guidance can be found on the UK government website https://www.gov.uk/coronavirus


United States

Last Updated on:

Updated 19 May 2020: Changes (reducing salary, working hours)
Updated 22 April 2020:
Government Employer Concessions, Travel restrictions (home)
Updated 8 April 2020:
Changes to Terminations
Updated 6 April 2020:
Travel restrictions (international, domestic, home), leave (sick, carers), government concessions (employer, employee)

Government source:

https://www.usa.gov/coronavirus

Health Source:

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus

Labour Department Source:

https://www.dol.gov/coronavirus

International travel restrictions:

The US has suspended entry to foreigners who have travelled to, or reside in, certain COVID-19 affected countries. They may also deny boarding of any US-bound travellers showing signs of illness. Expect enhanced screening procedures. Information is available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC.

Domestic travel restrictions:

The CDC has urged residents of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut to refrain from non-essential domestic travel for 14 days.

Home restrictions: The majority of US states have imposed a number of lockdown measures of varying degrees. Check the respective State website for full details.
Paid Sick leave:

Yes

Paid leave for carers:

Yes

Special leave / pay for coronavirus victims:

Under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA), employees are eligible to two weeks (up to 80 hours) of paid sick leave at 100 percent of the person’s normal salary up to $511. This applies to anyone told to quarantine, showing symptoms, exposed to the virus or trying to get a test or preventive care.

Special leave / pay for those caring for virus victims:

Under the FFCRA, employees are eligible to two weeks (up to 80 hours) of paid sick leave at two-thirds the employee’s regular rate of pay up to $200 per day because the employee is unable to work because of a bona fide need to care for an individual subject to quarantine. Employees that covered employers have employed for at least 30 days are eligible for up to an addition 10 weeks of paid expanded family and medical leave at the same rate, for a total of 12 weeks.

Special leave / pay for those caring for children out of school / daycare:

Under the FFCRA, employees are eligible to two weeks (up to 80 hours) of paid sick leave at two-thirds the employee’s regular rate of pay up to $200 because the employee is unable to work because of a bona fide need to care for a child (under 18 years of age) whose school or childcare provider is closed or unavailable for reasons related to COVID-19. Employees that covered employers have employed for at least 30 days are eligible for up to an addition 10 weeks of paid expanded family and medical leave at the same rate, for a total of 12 weeks.

Changes to working hours: Employers are able to make changes to an employee's working hours. Employers are encouraged to notify employees and provide reasonable advance notice of the change as provided by statute where applicable.
Changes to reducing salary: Employers can reduce salaries for at-will, exempt employees as long as the reduction is done in a non-discriminatory way for acceptable business reasons and for a long-term period. Changes for employees under contract require employers to the terms of the agreement before changing an employee’s compensation or other employment terms. As employers must ensure that no work is done during this period in order to ensure employees need not be paid, further appropriate measures may need to be implemented.
Changes to terminations: Employees who are laid off are eligible for unemployment insurance which replaces a portion of wages for workers laid off. The CARES Act extends the duration of UI benefits by 13 weeks and increases payments by $600 per week through to 31 July 2020. The maximum time to collect these payments is limited in certain states. Check the respective state website for more details. The eligibility criteria has been loosened through to 31 December 2020. Check the government website for full information. Eligible workers will receive the average UI benefit for workers in their state, plus an additional $600.
Government Employer Tax and Social Security concessions:

As of 22 April 2020,Employers receive concessions from the government under the FFCRA and CARES Act. Check the respective Internal Revenue Service and Department of the Treasury websites for full details. Employers with over 500 employees are exempt from concessions under the FFCRA, so FMLA guidance and state-specific paid leave must be followed and applied.

Government Employee Tax and Social Security concessions:

Employees receive concessions from the government under the FFCRA. Check the Department of Labor website for full details.

Vietnam

Last Updated on:

1 April 2020: Sources (government, health, labour)

Government source: http://chinhphu.vn/portal/page/portal/English

Health Source: https://www.moh.gov.vn/en_US/web/ministry-of-health

Labour Department Source: http://english.molisa.gov.vn/Pages/home.aspx

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